LOOSE EXDS 211 illustrated by a distinguished Hindu scholar, Professor Amarnatha Jha. In a recent article The Leader, Allahabad, he writes, under the title of kThe Bubble of Hindustani' : * It is best to be frank. Go to any hostel of Hindu students; there will always be some Urdu magazine in the reading room. Go to a Muslim hostel, you will not find a Hindi magazine there even by mistake. Look at the list of Hindu students of Urdu at university examinations—contrast the number of Muslims offering Hindi or—unless there is a miracle—Sanskrit. One must regret having to write in this strain, but until we find that our Muslim friends have a less contemptuous attitude towards Hindi we must deelme to consider the possibility of a coalition/ Gandhi would like us to believe that, as soon as the British quit India, all these ancient animosities will melt away like the mists at dawn, that Hindus will write love letters to Muslims in the hated Urdu and that Muslims mil write love letters to Hindus iir the despised Sanskrit (though it is impossible to discover what really are Gandhi's views on, the language question, even- after reading everypage of the book which he has devoted to thesubjeet).1 However, even if you could bring Hindi and Urdu together under the common title of Hindustani (which is 10 to 1 * against *)> and even if you could decide upon a common script (which is 1,000 to 1 cagainst') what about the rest of India ? You cannot suddenly inform language groups larger than, the entire popula- tion of Prance that they are to go back to school, to sacrifice their literature and start their mental life all over again. It is not even as though you could say to them cwe must be bi-lingual"—you would have to say 'we must be tri-lingual/ for Eqglish is already an absolutely essential secondary language in all affairs of com- merce and government. History has seen to that, and even the Congress propagandists are compelled to admit it, though with much grinding of teeth. And so the problem remains, and is likely to remain until the modern world has been transformed by a great many miracles too- startling to be envisaged even by Mr. H. G. Wells. In the mean- # 1The interested student in Gandhi's mental convolutions should read Our Language Problem, by Mahatma Gandhi (Hingoiani, Karachi). Another Congress publication, which ties itself up in the most entertaining knots, is Xatzcwal Language fo-f India (Kitabistan, Allahabad).